Intellectual Property and Copyright

    The field of copyright is associated with important cultural, social, and technological aspects, all of which have to be taken into account in formulating policy in this field. In July 2005, the European Commission's Directorate General Justice and Home Affairs presented a double proposal for a Directive and a Framework Decision aiming at tougher laws for all intentional infringements of an intellectual property right on a commercial scale, including prison sentences. The directive seeks to strike a balance between three distinct groups of people: rights-holders, carriers, and consumers. The directive is raising concern among consumer organizations and civil liberties groups who claim universities, libraries, Internet providers, and ordinary people could end up being prosecuted.


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